Cannabis products have virtually always been wrapped by hand since they have been illegal for most of modern history. Even after states decriminalized and legal adult-use began, hand packing was still the norm.
But as the industry has become more legitimized, so too has the way cannabis is packaged.
Automated packaging solutions may not only significantly speed up the packaging process, but also minimize human labor expenses, resulting in more precise package weights, keeping your goods fresher for longer, and better reflecting your brand.
In this blog post, we will discuss comprehensively all the legal aspects of cannabis packaging that newbies need to know.
What is Cannabis?
According to the Alcohol and Drug Foundation, cannabis is a cannabinoid substance. It is mostly composed of psychotropic cannabinoids. Psychotropic cannabinoids make a person feel “stoned” or “high.” There are over 100 different cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
The cannabis plant, which is native to Central and South Asia, has been used for generations as a recreational and entheogenic narcotic, as well as in numerous traditional remedies.
Packaging legal cannabis products have been a challenge for many newbie legal cannabis entrepreneurs.
However, with the right information and by following the legal guidelines, packaging legal cannabis can be done easily.
What are the other essential considerations for cannabis packaging?
When deciding on legal cannabis packaging, there are a few things you need to take into account:
State and Local Regulations
Depending on where you’re operating, legal cannabis packaging can be subject to a variety of state and local laws and regulations. Make sure you are familiar with the legal landscape in your area before you start packaging legal cannabis products.
In the United States, for example, the legal cannabis industry is still highly regulated at the state level. This means that each state has its own set of laws and regulations governing legal cannabis packaging.
You will need to consult with an attorney familiar with cannabis law in your state to get a better understanding of the legal landscape.
Product Safety and Quality
Cannabis packaging needs to ensure that the product inside is safe for consumption and of high quality. This means that the packaging needs to be made of materials that will not contaminate the product and that the packaging needs to protect the product from external contaminants.
You will also need to make sure that your cannabis packaging is child-resistant and tamper-evident.
Child-proofing the cannabis sealing
Child-resistant packaging is required by law in many states and is designed to be difficult for children under five years old to open.
There are a variety of child-resistant packaging options available, so you will need to find the option that best suits your product and your budget.
You will also need to make sure that your cannabis packaging is tamper-evident. This means that it should be clear if the packaging has been opened or tampered with.
One way to do this is to use a tamper-evident seal on your cannabis packaging. This can be a sticker, a ribbon, or any other type of seal that makes it obvious if the package has been opened.
You can also use a locking mechanism on your cannabis packaging. This can be a zip-lock style closure or a child-resistant cap.
Another option is to use a clear window on your cannabis packaging so that the contents are visible. This will make it easy to tell if the package has been opened.
No matter which tamper-evident solution you choose, make sure that it is easy to use and that it does not make the cannabis packaging more difficult to open.
Cannabis Packaging Materials
There are a variety of materials that can be used for legal cannabis packaging. The most common materials are glass, metal, and plastic.
Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages, so you will need to choose the material that best suits your needs.
Glass is a popular choice for legal cannabis packaging because it is inert and does not interact with the product.
Glass also protects the product from UV light, which can degrade the quality of the product.
Metal is another popular choice for legal cannabis packaging because it is also inert and does not interact with the product. Metal is also more durable than glass and can protect the product from physical damage.
Plastic is a popular choice for legal cannabis packaging because it is lightweight and relatively inexpensive. Plastic is also easy to print on, so you can use plastic packaging to promote your brand.
However, plastic packaging is not as durable as glass or metal and can degrade the quality of the product if it is not UV-resistant.
You will also need to choose the right size and shape for your legal cannabis packaging. The size and shape of the packaging will be determined by the type of product you are selling and the amount of product you are selling.
For example, if you are selling cannabis flowers, you will need to choose packaging that is large enough to hold the flowers and that has a wide opening to allow the customer to see the product.
If you are selling cannabis edibles, you will need to choose packaging that is small enough to fit in a purse or pocket and that has a child-resistant closure.
The type of legal cannabis packaging you choose will also be determined by the state laws in your area. Some states require cannabis products to be sold in child-resistant packaging, while others do not.
Modified Atmosphere Packaging
Modified Atmosphere Packaging is a process of packaging legal cannabis to ensure the product stays fresh for a longer period of time.
This is done by using a variety of gases to create an atmosphere inside the package that is ideal for the product.
The most common gas used in modified atmosphere packaging is nitrogen, but other gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen can also be used.
Modified atmosphere packaging is a great way to extend the shelf life of your legal cannabis product and keep the product fresh for the customer.
This process is not required for all legal cannabis products, but it is something to consider if you want to ensure your product stays fresh for a longer period of time.
Date and Precautionary Coding
Date and precautionary coding is a process of packaging legal cannabis to ensure the product is safe for the customer to consume.
This is done by printing a series of codes on the packaging that indicates the date the product was packaged and the expiration date of the product.
The codes also indicate any special storage or handling instructions for the product.
Types of Cannabis for Automated Packaging
When packaging cannabis, it is also important to consider what type of cannabis your company is packing. Here are the types of cannabis:
- Raw cannabis buds, flowers, stems, and leaves
- Cannabis tinctures, liquid extracts, and juices
- Cannabis edibles like gummies, candies, cookies, and snacks
- Cannabis pre-rolls
- Cannabis powders and kief
- CBD oils and other CBD products
Each type of cannabis has different packaging requirements. For example, raw cannabis buds need to be packed in airtight, moisture-resistant containers to keep them fresh.
Cannabis tinctures and liquids need to be packed in tamper-evident containers to ensure the product is not damaged or tampered with.
Cannabis edibles need to be packed in child-resistant containers to ensure the safety of the product.
Cannabis pre-rolls need to be packed in moisture-resistant containers to keep them fresh and prevent them from drying out.
CBD oils and other CBD products need to be packed in tamper-evident containers to ensure the product is not damaged or tampered with.
When choosing to package your legal cannabis product, it is important to consider the type of product you are selling and the packaging requirements of that product.
Failure to do so could result in your product being recalled or taken off the shelves.
Automated Cannabis Packaging Machines
Cannabis packaging can be a time-consuming and tedious process, but it doesn’t have to be. There are a variety of automated cannabis packaging machines that can make the packaging process easier and faster.
These machines can automate the whole packaging process, from filling the containers to sealing and labeling the products.
Automated cannabis packaging machines can also be equipped with a variety of features, such as:
Form Fill and Seal Packaging Machine
Form fill seal machines operate as bagmakers by forming bags from a flat roll of packaging film, filling those bags precisely with goods, and then sealing them securely.
These machines have the capability of being set up to package in either a vertical or horizontal orientation (also known as HFFS or horizontal form fill seal, respectively) (vertical form fill seal or VFFS).
Vertical form fill and seal machines are fantastic tools for increasing packing throughput to high levels. They are most effective when used for specific cannabis product lines that do not have a great deal of diversity.
Having said that, a good number of our customers create a variety of bag sizes with just single VFFS equipment. In spite of the fact that these machines are still simple to use, operators will need to undergo somewhat more technical instruction in order to use them.
A stick-pack machine function similarly to a VFFS machine in that it is a bagmaker that creates thin stick-pack bags fills them with a precise quantity of a product and seals them closed.
A stick pack machine has many lanes and creates more than one package every cycle, which is the primary distinction.
Thin, single-serve bags are produced using stick-pack machines. Consider beverage mixes and instant coffee. This kind of equipment is ideal for specialized product lines and high throughput for powdered, granular, and liquid items.
Premade Pouch Packaging Machine
The premade pouch packing machine is now the fastest-growing flexible packaging equipment type in the cannabis market. Automatic pouch packaging machines are popular among cannabis businesses because of the luxury and boutique feel that they provide prepackaged packs.
Automated bag filling and sealing machine for finished pouches.
The operator places the bags into a storage area, and then the machine takes up each pouch, fills it with the precise amount of cannabis product, closes it, and ejects it.
When a cannabis business has to package multiple-sized bags or different items, a readymade pouch machine is a perfect option because of how easily it can be modified.
Learning how to use a pouch packaging machine is similarly simple. There is no need for advanced technical training or expertise, and most customers often use entry-level labor to operate this equipment.
What are the advantages of cannabis packaging?
Cannabis packaging has a number of advantages, including:
- Preserving the product quality
- Preventing product damage
- Extending the shelf life
Cannabis packaging is essential for legal marijuana businesses. It helps to preserve the quality of the product, extend its shelf life, and prevent damage.
Frequently Asked Questions Related to Cannabis Packaging
What are the legal requirements for cannabis packaging?
The legal requirements for cannabis packaging vary from state to state. Some states require that cannabis products be sold in child-resistant packaging, while others have no such requirement.
Be sure to check the laws in your state before you begin packaging your products.
What type of packaging is best for cannabis products?
There are many different types of packaging available for cannabis products. Some common options include child-resistant bags, containers, and jars.
How should cannabis products be labeled?
Cannabis products must be labeled in accordance with state and federal laws. Labels must include the name and address of the manufacturer, the product’s net weight, and a list of all ingredients.
Cannabis packaging is essential for legal marijuana businesses. It helps to preserve the quality of the product, extend its shelf life, and prevent damage. If you’re looking for high-quality cannabis packaging that meets all legal requirements, be sure to Spack Machine.
Our team will work with you to create a custom solution that meets your needs. Contact us today to learn more.